24th December 1545. Mumpsimus and Sumpsimus.

Mumpsimus is a stubborn insistence on incorrect usage of a word and is said to refer to a medieval monk in the Latin Eucharist, so instead of ‘quod in ore sumpsimus’ ( which we have taken into mouth) he insisted on using the word ‘mumpsimus’.

It appears that the monk repeatedly said the incorrect word for 40 years and insisted: ‘I will not change my old mumpsimus for your new sumpsimus’. It has remained an academic joke for hundreds of years.

Mumpsimus is an action by a person who adheres to a routine idea, custom, set of beliefs which are unreasonable or incorrect. A typical example is the substitution of, ‘to all intensive purposes’, for, ‘to all intents and purposes’.

In allusion to the story it first occurs in a letter from Erasmus to Henry Bullock in August 1516, and Erasmus used it as an analogy to those who refused to accept his Novum Instrumentum Omne, his edition of the Greek New Testament correcting errors in the Latin Vulgate.

1182832

Today in 1545 Henry VIII gave a speech to Parliament when he quoted the phrase ‘mumpsimus and sumpsimus’.

 

King henry VIII

King Henry VIII in Parliament.

It famously appeared in what might be considered the first Christmas message when Henry according to the Chronicler Edward Hall, said that Henry was concerned at the breakdown of fraternal love: [to quote]: ‘The one called the other Hereticke and Anabaptist, and he calleth hym again Papaist, Ypocrite and Pharisey…some be styff in their old mumpsimus other be to busy and curious in their newe sumpsimus’.

References:

luminarium/Pic of parliament.

wikipedia.org/henry_viii/mumpsimus.

Advertisements

Tags: ,

About colindunkerley

My name is Colin Dunkerley who having spent two years in the Royal Army Pay Corps ploughed many a barren industrial furrow until drawn to the 'chalk-face' as a teacher, now retired. I have spent the last 15 years researching all aspects of life in Britain since Roman times.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: